Psi To Kpa

Note: Fractional results are rounded to the nearest 1/64. 93 kPa; 688 torr 14. 14503773773022 psi. Our unit converter allows you to convert a multitude of flow rate and pressure units to a high degree of accuracy. Psi is a unit of pressure. 133322387415. Unit conversion Pressure psi - kPa. ATK stated in its article that its top-rated cookers could reach 15 PSI, but per the Fissler manual, which I read last night, its top setting hits only 60 KPA (8. Need kpa to psi conversion chart - Answered by a verified Auto Mechanic We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. Note: MAP sensor output frequency versus manifold vacuum data is based on 30. I've never seen an AEM run right on a 2. There are 14. 0001450377 0. Please note: You are using this tool at your own risk. Flow Rate and Pressure Unit Converter. One is only required to understand the relationship between these two units. 2 kPa? 3)How many psi are in 836 torr? 4)How many torr are in 452 mmHg? 5)How many kPa are in 48. We will show the you the step-by-step solution. The unit is named after Blaise Pascal (1623 - 1662), French philosopher and. Convert 35. 002458 atm J (joule) 9. Diferent flow rate units conversion from barrel fluid per minute to Liters per minute. By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described in our cookie policy unless you have disabled them. A kilopascal is a unit of Pressure in the International System of Units (SI). 0361 lbf / in2 (psi) in of water 0. Report Abuse. in SI this will be kg·m-1 ·s-2 (kg/m·s. Instant free online tool for kilopascal to psi conversion or vice versa. 30 PSI / 205 KPA 1. 2 kPa? 3)How many psi are in 836 torr? 4)How many torr are in 452 mmHg? 5)How many kPa are in 48. metres of water). Severe Storms & Heavy Rainfall Possible in the Plains; Critical Fire Weather Conditions for Parts of the West. Convert 350 Kilopascals to Bars with our online conversion. psi psi kpa kpa psi 35 kpa 250 single 3400 dual 6180 single 1580 dual 2880 lbs kg 40 280 3730 6780 1690 3075 45 310 4060 7380 1840 3350 50 350 4410 8024 2000 3640 55 380 4670 8500 2120 3855 60 410 4960 9020 2250 4090 65 450 5250 9525 2380 4320 70 480 5530 10060 2510 4560 75 520 5800 10560 2630 4790 80 550 6084 11112 2760 5040 xps rib ® wheel diameter - 17. I've never seen an AEM run right on a 2. 25 kg/cm2 14. 15 pounds per sq. An Excel spreadsheet works well for ideal gas law/gas density calculations. Trying to convert differential pressure (inch WC) measurements from a 6-inch diameter pipe into an air flow rate (cfm). Bar (Metric), pressure. PSI Gauge is the pressure from gauge, it equals PSI Absolute + 1 atmosphere pressure. psi to kPa Multiply By 6. It is defined as the pressure that results when a force of one pound-force is applied to a one-square-inch area. 4-20mA scaling calculator. The psi [psi] to kilopascal [kPa] conversion table and conversion steps are also listed. 0 out of 5 stars 3. Type in your own numbers in the form to convert the units! ›› Quick conversion chart of psig to kpa. Unit conversion Pressure psi - kPa. 2490888747 kPa. Pressures of some gigapascal can convert graphite to diamonds or can form from hydogenium a mtallic conductor. In a nutshell, it is easy to convert kpa to atm and vice versa. Notify PSI’s Corporate Partnerships & Philanthropy Department of your gift by emailing [email protected] The atmospheric pressure at the surface is 14. The pascal (Pa) and kilopascal (kPa) are the most common units of pressure throughout the world. 52 psi/ft Example Prove that when density of drilling fluid is expressed in lbm/gal and depth in h ft, the pressure at the bottom of the wellbore can be expressed as P = 0. 14503773773020923 psi. 1 ft WG = 3 kPa = 305 mm WG = 0. Converting head (ft or m) to pressure (psi or bar, kg/cm 2 ) and vice versa Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications! - the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!. 145037738 26 3. Last edited by Jon [in CT]; 06-25-2002 at 07:07 PM. Could somebody give me a formula to convert Pascals to PSI? I understand that you probably have to convert Pounds of Force to Newtons. 800 Kpa To Psi Converter Calculator. Metric: stress units Pa - one newton per square meter. Current loop tester panel mounting. 1 kilopascal ( kPa ) = 0. 5 psi = 34. 7 psi, so you don't feel any pressure on you at all. 295 inHg 1 inHg = 3. Many are uncommon but have specific uses for certain situations. Swell 2C4 2C5 --- 2A1 2A2 2A3. 7 psi) is the amount of pressure that can lift water approximately 10. Use the following calculator to convert between kilograms/cubic meter and psis/1000 feet. Specifically, a refrigerated can of 7UP® contains 210 kPa of pressure. 7 pounds per square inch. 80665 newton (N) kip 1000 lbf kip. Pressure unit conversion between kilopascal and psi, psi to kilopascal conversion in batch, kPa psi conversion chart. Kilopascal : The kilopascal (symbol:kPa) is a non-SI unit for pressure, and is a x1000 multiple of the Pascal unit. 8 psi (95 kPa) on Rainstore3 Surface Pressure 32,000 for the rear axle 32,000 lbs / 2 tires per rear axle = 16000 lbs 200 square inches contact* (20” x 10 “) 16000 lbs / 200 sq inches = 80 psi 80 psi (552 kPa) static *AASHTO 3. Now that you know that one Bar equals to 100000 Pascals, and one kPa equals to 1000 Pascals, the math is a bit easier on this one. How to convert inches of water to kilopascals [inH2O to kPa]:. 0001450377 0. Find 60 Kpa In Stock Now. Y = psi(X) evaluates the ψ function for each element of array X. NOSHOK CORPORATION 40-310-6000-psi/kPa 1/4 NPT Back Conn, 4 Brass Case Gauge, Glycerin Filled. 5% Accuracy, 1/4" NPT Bottom Mount 5. Your fuel pressure at 269 kpa is equal to 35 psi your fuel oressure is to low you need to have 448 kpa or 65 psi. The altimeter in aircraft can be adjusted for baro pressure, which ensures height over obstacles is consistent day to day. 3 m (34 ft). This number is, magically, the number of feet of head (rise) you get per pound of pressure differential across a pump. 325 kPa) or in standard cubic feet (corresponding to 60°F/16°C and 14. Psi (libras por pulgada cuadrada, por sus siglas en inglés) es una medida de presión que asume un punto de inicio cero en un vacío perfecto en el cual, por definición, la presión del aire no existe. 7 psi, so you don't feel any pressure on you at all. Do you have trouble like me checking your tire pressures because the owners manual is in BAR but your tire gauge is in PSI? Hopefully, this handy conversion utility will help. 351534 kgf/cm² Pounds per square inch and kilograms per square centimeter are both units used to measure pressure. Unit conversion Pressure psi - kPa. Diferent flow rate units conversion from barrel fluid per minute to Liters per minute. You can also use this same conversion to convert from psi to kPa. What is Kilopascal? Kilopascal is a metric pressure unit and is equal to 1000 force of. These vaules are usually imprinted on the pressure transducer (i. DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE For use with Natural Gas. KPA is Metric which is what Canada. The symbol for kilopascal is kPa. Hi Bull (that sounds weird) Pressure is not a form of energy. Easily convert physical atmospheres to kilopascals, convert atm to kPa. As far as I know you can only look at KPA in the fueling tables. Pound or pound force per square inch (psi, pfsi,) is a commonly used British and American unit (1 psi = 6,894. How many kilopascals in an inch of water: If p inH2O = 1 then p kPa = 0. Debris or protrusions in the pipeline can damage a seal or rupture inflatable plugs. This table shows the factors for doing various pressure conversions. (kPa), or bars of pressure (bars). 5 psi Pressure increase per meter of a water column: 10 kPa 1. H2O), 1013. A tire pressure gauge displaying bar (outside) and pounds per square inch (inside) Atmospheric air pressure is often given in millibars, where standard atmospheric pressure at sea level is defined as 1013. 8 kPa = 1000 mm WG = 1. The unit of measurement called standard atmosphere (atm) is defined as 101325 Pa. How to convert BTU (IT) to kilowatt-hour: 1 BTU IT = 0. The sensor is a single, monolithic silicon diaphragm with the. 2046 Pounds to deca Newtons: x. The threshold for lung damage occurs at about 15 psi blast overpressure. 696 psi에 해당한다. 5 psi = 34. Pressure Washers, 60 psi (4. 433 Converting 1. Bar to psi pressure unit conversion chart, convert bar tire pressure to psi. Remember that the CalcTool units menu allows you to enter and output measurements convenient for you. Online calculator to convert kilopascals to pounds per square inch (kPa to psi) with formulas, examples, and tables. This is equal to 6. Note: MAP sensor output frequency versus manifold vacuum data is based on 30. Here is how to convert kPa to psi. The bar (symbol bar) and the millibar (symbol mbar, also mb) are units of pressure. KPA is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms. At sea level, Earth's atmosphere is pressing against the surface with a force of 1 kilogram per square centimeter. PSI = Pressure in Pounds per Square Inch. 25 mbar, 101. 0 to 10 psi 30 psig 0. R is the specific gas constant. conversion calculators Inches to Millimeters Millimeters to Inches Pounds to Kilograms Kilograms to Pounds Metric Tons to Pounds Metric Tons to Tons Fahrenheit to Celsius Celsius to Fahrenheit ft/lbs to Joules Joules to ft/lbs MPa to psi psi to MPa MPa to ksi ksi to MPa. The higher the height of liquid, the greater the pressure it exerts at it's base. calculating flow rates If you are using a software program to calculate flow, you may need to input a coefficient or k-factor into the program to calculate flow-rate. So you want to know how to convert psi into kilopascals ? Kilopascal (Kpa)is a pressure measurement unit. Looking for online definition of KPAG or what KPAG stands for? KPAG is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms KPAG - What does KPAG stand for?. 2 psi = 13. Mouser is an authorized distributor for many pressure sensor and force sensor manufacturers including Amphenol, Honeywell, NXP, Schneider Electric, TE Connectivity & more. 14503773773022 psi. The 7 inch water column pressure (1/4 psi) is received by the gas valve and reduced by its regulator to a lower pressure that the manifold distributes to the gas orifices. 145 to get 200 kPa. The other value will be returned. Psi is defined as 1 pound of force applied per square inch. The calculator is quite straight forward to use. psi - pound[-force] per square inch; ksi - kilopound[-force](kip) per square inch; ksf - kilopound[-force] (kip) per square foot. Description. 15-110-30-VAC/KPA-PMC - ANALOG PRESSURE GAUGE SERIES 100 ABS, BACK CONNECTION 30 INHG TO 0 PSI PSI/KPA DUAL SCALE PANEL MOUNT CLAMP. There is no direct conversion between them. The bar (symbol bar) and the millibar (symbol mbar, also mb) are units of pressure. The 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet. However if you get a tire gauge and check the pressure in a flat tire, it will read zero, even though the atmospheric pressure is indeed 101 kPa. Kpa is a metric measurement liqud pressure. Pounds per square inch (PSI) is a common unit of pressure used in many different pressure measuring applications. 696 psi in 1 atmosphere (atm) of pressure. MAP Sensor Graph. The conversion ratio from psi to kPa can be determined as follows: 1 kPa = 1000 Pascals (Pa) 1 psi = 6894. 25 kPa -00T - 4 in w. ini change to switch over. To convert specific gravity to pressure gradient in psi/ft Pressure gradient in psi/ft = specific gravity (SG) x 0. Stress and strength quantities can be included in this definition. 206094402 54 7. Kpa scales don't change, they are absolute. What is Kilopascal? Kilopascal is a metric pressure unit and is equal to 1000 force of. so pressure in psig will be 30psi-14. It is measuring unit of pressure & stress in Imperial and US customary measuring system. On the other hand, Pepsi-Cola® contains 276 kPa at approximately 16 °C. 76 Pa; kPa value = psi value x 6. 8947572824651 kPa. One kilopascal is equivalent to 1000 pascals. Specifically, a refrigerated can of 7UP® contains 210 kPa of pressure. This particular transducer is configured for reverse action instead of direct, meaning that its pressure output at 4 mA should be 15 PSI and its pressure output at 20 mA should be 3 PSI. Note: Pound-force per square inch is a foot-pound-second (FPS) unit of pressure. kpa psi - Traduction française – Linguee Consulter Linguee. So you want to know how many kilopascals in a psi ? Kilopascal (Kpa)is a pressure measurement unit. But where do I go from there?. The other is the gauge on the regulator on your air compressor, which displays the pressure setting of that regulator in PSI. Diferent flow rate units conversion from barrel fluid per minute to Liters per minute. conversion calculators Inches to Millimeters Millimeters to Inches Pounds to Kilograms Kilograms to Pounds Metric Tons to Pounds Metric Tons to Tons Fahrenheit to Celsius Celsius to Fahrenheit ft/lbs to Joules Joules to ft/lbs MPa to psi psi to MPa MPa to ksi ksi to MPa. Pressure transducers output a raw signal that corresponds to a value in an engineering units. 745 kPa = 108. A tire pressure gauge displaying bar (outside) and pounds per square inch (inside) Atmospheric air pressure is often given in millibars, where standard atmospheric pressure at sea level is defined as 1013. The used formula for conversion are indicated below the form. Learn how to Convert MPa to psi. Convert Boost Pressure (bar, psi) figures. psi millibar 68. On the other hand, Pepsi-Cola® contains 276 kPa at approximately 16 °C. VICI Jour ® is a registered trademark of VICI AG. Get A Quote!. calculate CFM from kpa or psi Off-Topic. 01325 bar, which is about 14. This is equal to 6. 2046226 lbm (pound mass) kg 0. Psi stands for Pounds per square inch. KPA is a dealer services and Internet marketing provider for over 5,100 automotive, truck, and equipment dealerships and service companies. Conversion of units of measurement from physics and maths, e. Whilst every effort has been made in building this pressure converter, we are not to be held liable for any special, incidental, indirect or consequential damages or monetary losses of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use of the converter tools and information derived from the web site. To fully comprehend its meaning you probably have to get a copy of the ANSI Spec. Do you have trouble like me checking your tire pressures because the owners manual is in BAR but your tire gauge is in PSI? Hopefully, this handy conversion utility will help. Your body pushes back with 14. This table shows the factors for doing various pressure conversions. 0736 in of Hg in of water 0. These gauges have a liquid-filled dial that reduces needle flutter in high-vibration applications reaching 2, 000 psi. Online calculator to convert pounds per square inch to kilopascals (psi to kPa) with formulas, examples, and tables. To convert kilopascals to pounds per square inch(KPA to PSI), multiply the kpa value by. Select from 21 different standard engineering units, including bar, in H2O, kPa, MPa, and psi. my yellow jacket gauges dont say a thing about microns. In technical writing, this would be written as a gauge pressure of 220 kPa or as an absolute pressure of 321 kPa. To fine tune Slider Controls click to select and use (cursor) keyboard keys. Bar = Symbol bar PSI = Pound Square Inch kPa = Kilo Pascal (1000 Pascal = 1k Pascal). It is the pressure resulting from a force of one pound-force applied to an area of one square inch. I am trying to find out something that would bridge ANSI class pressure rating to its equivalent pressure in psi or reference to any document where i can find a table indicating the same. When we do gas systems at the college, I teach them about the 27. Instant free online tool for kilopascal to psi conversion or vice versa. Easily convert physical atmospheres to kilopascals, convert atm to kPa. Convert Boost Pressure (bar, psi) figures. In the medical industry, pressure is commonly measured in millimeters of mercury. 325 kPa in 1 atm. Find and save ideas about Psi to kpa on Pinterest. 1 atm = 760 mmHg = 760 torr = 101. below 38C and is in psi. 8947572932 kpa. Re: how to calculate PSI to Nm for torque 12/07/2008 12:30 PM Although I've been rightfully humbled to realize that the fugacious guest may not have been writing of things bolted when he fleetingly came upon the site, I've been able to work it out so that the spreadsheet which I wrote of can now be available. 1 psi, but I and others have seen up to 19 psi under certain circumstances. See Table at alphabet. The pressure value 220 kPa (kilopascal) in words is "two hundred and twenty kPa (kilopascal)". 1 bar to 10 bar | 100 kPa to 1 MPa | 15 psi to 150 psi Millivolt Analog Output DESCRIPTION Honeywell’s TBF Series Force Sensors are small flush diaphragm pressure sensors designed for customers who require a simple device for applications where media compatibility and low trapped volume are important. To convert from kPa to psi, use the following conversion equation: 1 kPa = 0. Place the tire pressure gauge into the valve stem and press down quickly to get a reading. MAP Sensor Graph. Get A Quote!. Mega means million, therefore one MegaPascal equals 1,000,000 Pascals. 2 psi = 13. 7 pounds per square inch. In some circumsrtances this method can give large errors, so should not be relied on. 0 kPa ~ -15 PSI. …2105 2183 Note: 35 psi is the assigned "maximum load" pressure for standard load tires and 41 psi is the assigned "maximum load" pressure for extra load tires. Definition of pressure: Pressure (p) is a derived quantity with its own name. Use this table to convert barometric pressure readings from millibars (hectopascals), to pounds per square inch, to inches of mercury, and to millimetres of mercury. The ambient air pressure at altitide is rougly estimated by assuming an exponential drop with altitiue and a sea-level pressure of 1 atm. The formula is as follows:. However, this can be automatically converted to other pressure units via the pull-down menu. 7 pounds per square inch. 9 MPa, 1379 bar, 20000 psi Sensor Z 1/4 - 18 NPT 0. Also, explore tools to convert kilopascal or psi to other pressure units or learn more about pressure conversions. psi - bar - pa - Kpa converter. Home Length Width Height Depth Speed Area Computers Power Flow Temperature Weight Fuel. To convert from PSI to kPa, use the conversion 1 PSI = 6. You can also use this same conversion to convert from psi to kPa. Handy PSI / Bar Converter. 93 kPa; 688 torr 14. 2046226 lbm (pound mass) kg 0. Mouser offers inventory, pricing, & datasheets for Differential Pressure Sensors. Natural gas is measured in normal cubic meters (corresponding to 0°C at 101. 5 psi = 34. kPa, Kilopascal: lbf, libra-força (pounds force) mbar, Millibar mca, Metros coluna água mH2O, Metros coluna de água mm, Milimetry mmca, Milímetros coluna água mmH2O, Milímetros coluna de água mmHg, Milimetros coluna de mercurio mmWC, Milimeter Water column: MPa, Megapascal mWC, Meter water column N, Newton Pa, Pascal PSI, Libras por. 696 psi Set up the conversion so the desired unit will be canceled out. Looking for the definition of PSI? Find out what is the full meaning of PSI on Abbreviations. They are not SI units, but accepted (although discouraged) for use with the SI. 32 kg/cm2 735. 696) atm pressure in atm = 4. How many kilopascals in 35 pounds-force per square inch: If p psi = 35 then p kPa = 241. 396924638 76 11. 006894757 mPa ~. kpa psi - Traduction française – Linguee Consulter Linguee. CONVERSION FACTORS P. Pounds per square inch. The formula is as follows:. Gidday all, Can anyone tell me how to convert kpa into psi. Enter a number to convert Pound-force Per Square Inchs to Kilopascals. 0361 lbf / in2 (psi) in of water 0. 696 psi in 1 atmosphere (atm) of pressure. Notify PSI’s Corporate Partnerships & Philanthropy Department of your gift by emailing [email protected] Your body pushes back with 14. Convert psi to kpa. kPa (kilopascal) es una unidad relativa para medir presión en el sistema métrico. yes it's a big one also known as a upper case 'P' Yes that means it's different to KPA, where not talking about the Kentucky Psychological Association here, oh no. A 5 psi blast overpressure will rupture eardrums in about 1% of subjects, and a 45 psi overpressure will cause eardrum rupture in about 99% of all subjects. The Difference Between PSI And CFM. although we know this is not exactly Ihe same. 145 to get 200 kPa. 007 50 mmHg). 6 mmHg 34psi = 2. The Steel Core 5-in-1 Digital Tire Pressure Gauge and Emergency Tool makes it easy to check your tire pressure with the black-lit LCD digital display to get reading in PSI, BAR, KPA. 001 x KPa www. 325 kPa kPa, or kilopascal, is a metric unit of pressure and part of the International System of Units (SI). 2490888747 × p inH2O. 06895 1 6. The 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet. 25 mbar, 101. Please provide values below to convert psi [psi] to kilopascal [kPa], or vice versa. An Excel spreadsheet works well for ideal gas law/gas density calculations. 7 psi, so you don’t feel any pressure on you at all. For all pressure unit conversions, please check pressure converter. 89 x 10⁻² atm, 6. The value will be converted to all other units of the actual measure. 696 psi) pressure in atm = (65/14. Convert Delete. Pounds to Kilograms: x. A 35-45 psi overpressure may cause 1% fatalities, and 55 to 65 psi overpressure may cause 99% fatalities. De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "kpa psi" – Dictionnaire français-anglais et moteur de recherche de traductions françaises. 2490888747 × p inH2O. Hence temperatures above this you need to check with the vendor. You should only be able to set either speed to kph and the tire pressure would have to be kpa or using Imperial you would get mph and the tire pressure would be psi. DPL108 521 Temperature - Pressure Equivalents of Saturated Steam Gauge Pressure at Sea Level Steam Temperature - Pressure Conversion Guide Degrees Celsius = 5/9 (Degrees F -32). inches of water). PSI is a measure of pressure in Pounds per Square Inch. Psi : Psi is the abbreviation of pound per square inch, and is widely used in British and American. Using the coefficients will give relatively accurate results. Convert 80 KPa (gage) To KPa (absolute). Associates, please contact your Market Centers’ account manager to take the KPA. kWh to BTU conversion How to convert BTU to kWh. 894757293168361. Again, this is user adjustable. Ksi to Mpa Conversion Calculator. Simply enter a value in the corresponding column and press or click the Convert button. 50 pounds per square inch. Pounds per square inch states that pressure is relative to a vacuum rather than ambient atmospheric pressure. I am Declaring the 12th of December KPa Day. To find hydraulic horsepower, use the equation: HP = (PSI X GPM) / 1714. 2490888747 kPa. The formula is as follows:. kilopascal to psi (kPa—psi) measurement units conversion. NOSHOK CORPORATION 40-310-6000-psi/kPa 1/4 NPT Back Conn, 4 Brass Case Gauge, Glycerin Filled. DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE For use with Natural Gas. Now that you know that one Bar equals to 100000 Pascals, and one kPa equals to 1000 Pascals, the math is a bit easier on this one. ,) The maximum force taken by a rope to point till it breaks is the tensile strength of the force. 133322387415 kilopascals. In less than three days, over 12,000 square yards of RCC Paving was constructed. This on the web one-way conversion tool converts pressure or stress units from pounds per sq. How to Convert PSI to PSIG. psi Pounds per square inch to Technical atmospheres — — Technical atmospheres to Pounds per square inch psi 1 Pounds per square inch = 6. 1 bar = approximately 14. 1 psig to kpa = 6. 8 Pa (N/m 2) = 6. 80665 newton (N) kip 1000 lbf kip. 22 psi 33psi = 2. Pressure transducers output a raw signal that corresponds to a value in an engineering units. ) Thus, at about 10 m below the surface the water exerts twice the pressure (2 atmospheres or 200 kPa) on the body as air at surface level. Pressure unit conversion between kilopascal and psi, psi to kilopascal conversion in batch, kPa psi conversion chart. At 6 PSI of boost, it will retard 6° of timing. Great prices & free shipping on orders over USD50!. The higher the height of liquid, the greater the pressure it exerts at it's base. Convert 35. 94 atm? 7)How many psi are in 202. 80665 newton (N) kip 1000 lbf kip. Energy is a notion central to physics, chemistry, physiology, and life itself. psi psi kpa kpa psi 35 kpa 250 single 3400 dual 6180 single 1580 dual 2880 lbs kg 40 280 3730 6780 1690 3075 45 310 4060 7380 1840 3350 50 350 4410 8024 2000 3640 55 380 4670 8500 2120 3855 60 410 4960 9020 2250 4090 65 450 5250 9525 2380 4320 70 480 5530 10060 2510 4560 75 520 5800 10560 2630 4790 80 550 6084 11112 2760 5040 xps rib ® wheel diameter - 17. Digital Pressure Gauges from PSI-TRONIX.